''Arkadagly ýaşlar" žurnaly

The Founder-Youth Organization Of Turkmenistan Named After Magtymguly Address: Ashgabat C.,Garashsyzlyk Avenue; 104 Phone.:(993 12) 44-88-80; Fax:44-88-94 Email Address: Arkadaglyyashlar@gmail.Com

News

THE OCEAN OF WISDOM

In realms of letters, where worlds unite, Magtymguly’s voice, a beacon’s light,

IMPORTANCE OF ENGLISH FOR PROGRAMMING

According to the 2024 State of the Developer Nation report, there are 28.7 million software developers worldwide. By 2030, there will be reportedly 45 million software engineers if things continue at that rate. It is therefore evident that the rivalry in the IT industry will only grow more intense, regardless of your level of experience as a software engineer or as a budding coder.

TURKMENISTAN-INDIA FRIENDSHIP

In the Year “The Fount of the Wisdom of Magtymguly Pyragy”, the foreign policy and humanitarian approach pursued wisely by our esteemed Arkadagly Hero President Serdar Berdimuhamedov is bearing fruits, enhancing bilateral and multilateral relations with other countries. The successful implementation of the future-oriented policies was confirmed once again by the recent visit of the youth delegation of Turkmenistan to the Republic of India. As part of the introductory visit of the youth delegations of the Central Asian countries to the Republic of India, the youth delegation of Turkmenistan made a 10-day journey to the Republic of India in March 2024 at the invitation of the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports and the Government of India.

WONDERS OF THE SPRING

Spring is the season of renewal, growth, and beauty. It is the time when nature awakens from its winter slumber and bursts into life with vibrant colors, fragrant scents, and melodious sounds. Spring is also the season of joy, hope, and inspiration for many people who appreciate the wonders of nature and celebrate its gifts. One of the most amazing wonders of spring is the flowering of plants and trees. After the cold and barren winter, the earth is covered with a carpet of green grass, dotted with colorful flowers of various shapes and sizes. The frozen earth wakes up and gives birth to young and fresh trees, signalling the awakening of dormant life. School and college children are given spring holidays to take time off their studies and enjoy time with friends and family.

INTERNATIONALIZATION IN EDUCATION SYSTEM

Internationalization, as described by Deardorff (2004)is a process that in corporates international perspective in learning, research, and service in the traits of higher education. He quotes the American Council on Education, when defining internationalization as: –a broad range of intellectual and experiential activities designed to help individuals understand the global environment in which they live, communicate across borders, and acquire an understanding of the cultural, social, and political systems of other nations and the interactions between nations.

RESPONSIBILITY UNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK OF INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

Turkmenistan is a full-fledged subject of the world community and adheres to the principles of permanent neutrality in foreign policy, non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries, refusal to use force and participate in military alliances and promotion of peaceful, friendly and mutually beneficial relations with the countries of the region and all states of the world. Turkmenistan acknowledges the priority of universally recognized norms of international law. In the era of the Revival of the new epoch of the powerful state, our Father land, with the strong legal basis laid by our Hero Arkadag and continued by our Arkadagly Serdar, is reaching high levels in various fields and social and economic development. Today, the legal basis of our country is being strengthened.

TURKMENISTAN-UNESCO: ENHANCING CULTURAL AND HUMANITARIAN TIES

As a result of the successful continuation of the noble endeavours initiated by Hero-Arkadag by Hero President Serdar Berdimuhamedov, special importance is attached to the consistent expansion of interaction with the organisations of the United Nations, including UNESCO. Our country has implemented the large scale joint projects and accumulated vast experience in cooperation in the cultural and humanitarian spheres and in preserving historical heritage. The National Commission of Turkmenistan for UNESCO conducts effective activities in this area. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) was born on 16 November 1945. UNESCO has 195 Members and 8 Associate Members and is governed by the General Conference and the Executive Board. The Organization has more than 50 field offices around the world and its headquarters are located in Paris. UNESCO's mission is to contribute to the building of a culture of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information. UNESCO works to create the conditions for dialogue among civilizations, cultures and peoples, based upon respect for commonly shared - values. It is through this dialogue that the world can achieve global visions of sustainable development encompassing observance of human rights, mutual resp

CREATIONS OF THINKER ARE TREASURY OF PEARLS

In this wonderful period, when the 300th birth anniversary of Magtymguly Pyragy is widely celebrated at the international level, the artistic works about the life and creativity of the wise poet are presented to the readers, and the scientific articles are published regularly. The number of readers in different countries, who read the wise poet's poems, translated into many languages, is increasing. The selected works by Magtymguly Pyragy, published in different years, the works and scientific articles about the poet, the publications, the works about the poet's creativity, the connection with other professions, trends and literary works show the immense respect of the Turkmen people and foreign scientists, writers and scholars, who study Magtymguly's creativity, to the national poet of the Turkmen people.

TURKMENISTAN’S YOUTH STEPS ON GLOBAL STAGE AT 13th UNESCO YOUTH FORUM

In the year «Happy Youth with Arkadag Serdar», representatives of Turkmenistan’s youth contributed to the work of the13th UNESCO Youth Forum, which was held at the UNESCO Headquarters in Paris, France on November 14-15, 2023. This was an important event for Turkmenistan’s youth–they joined the global event that let them share their ideas and make connections world wide. Their participation showed the world how engaged and important Turkmenistan's youth is in shaping a better world. The development of cooperation with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is one of the priority areas of the foreign policy strategy in the era of the Revival of the new epoch of the powerful state. For 30 years of cooperation, great progress has been made towards implementing the UNESCO mandate in our country, as well as increasing the cultural, educational and scientific potential.

PEOPLE-CENTRED PROGRAMME

The National Programme of the President of Turkmenistan for the improvement of social and living conditions in villages, towns in etraps and etrap centres until 2020 initiated by Hero Arkadag and often called the Village National Programme was successfully implemented since its adoption in 2007, including the implementation of complex measures in different segments of the social sphere and engineering infrastructure to improve social and living conditions of the population. The Programme covered many areas of the Sustainable Development Goals proclaimed at the 70th Session of the UN General Assembly in September 2015. These were mainly the areas linked with Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages, Goal 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all, Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all, Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy services, Goal 9: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation, Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries and Goal 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable. At the enlarged meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers on June 8, 2022, the Social and Economic Development Programme o

ARKADAGLY YOUTH – KNOWLEDGEABLE YOUTH

The President’s policy of supporting young scientists contributes to the development of the scientific, technical and economic potential of the country through developing young talents, encouraging scientific discoveries and training scientific workers. In the era of the Revival of the new epoch of the powerful state, in the Friendly and Happy Youth Year under the leadership of the esteemed President, every day of our lives is dedicated to celebrations and significant dates. Great developments and changes are being achieved in science, education, energy, agriculture, communications, sports, all sectors of the country.

WEDDING TRADITIONS AROUND THE WORLD TURKMEN WEDDINGTRADITIONS

A Turkmen wedding is the most important and solemn event. Formany generations, each part of the wedding ceremony is accompanied by special rituals designed to bring happiness  to a new family. Traditional Turkmen wedding ceremonies are celebrated most prominently in rural areas, where the older generation scherish theirýcustoms. What warms the heart is that theseýTurkmen traditions are not fleeting trends but rather robust connections to their ancestral heritage. Each region in Turkmenistan has the unique details of a wedding ceremony influenced by ancient tribal distinctions, making them particularly intriguing for ethnographers, cultural scientists and historians.

KEYS TO EFFECTIVE BUSINESS ACTIVITY IN MARKET ECONOMY

After gaining independence, our country completely reorganised financial relations. These relations facilitated accelerated production growth in market conditions. As a result, GDP is now growing at its fastest rate. During the years of independence, a number of laws and regulations on financial relations at enterprises have been adopted. For example, the laws on business, entrepreneurship, joint stock companies, taxes and property and many other laws are implemented. These laws are updated regularly to meet the demands of modern market economy. In this regard, the Law On Youth State Policy, which sets forth the legal framework, goals, objectives, principles, main areas, measures and approaches to the implementation of the state youth policy in Turkmenistan, was adopted. The general provisions of the Constitution envisage creating conditions conducive to research, innovation and entrepreneurial activities of citizens of Turkmenistan aged 14 to 30 years, protecting the life of young people and building life supporting infrastructure.

A WONDERFUL PLANT OF TURKMEN DESERT

In the era of the Revival of the new epoch of the powerful state, great attention is paid to protecting and preserving natural resources and nature of the Motherland for future generations. The Karakum Desert that covers a significant part of the total area of our country is a treasure of our country. The Karakum Desert has a very rich flora and fauna. This Turkmen desert is distinguished by its natural wonders and incredible beauty. Thousands of plant species are found in Turkmenistan, and more than 700 of them grow in the desert. In this regard, we should highlight the publication of Volume XV of the Arkadag’s scientific encyclopaedia “Medicinal Plants of Turkmenistan” that describes the national traditions of healing and the medicinal value of the rich flora of the Turkmen land. You clearly see the inextricable connection between human health and nature in the scientific works by our scientist Arkadag. One of the plants widely used in folk medicine is saxaul.

A WONDERFUL PLANT OF TURKMEN DESERT

In the era of the Revival of the new epoch of the powerful state, great attention is paid to protecting and preserving natural resources and nature of the Motherland for future generations. The Karakum Desert that covers a significant part of the total area of our country is a treasure of our country. The Karakum Desert has a very rich flora and fauna. This Turkmen desert is distinguished by its natural wonders and incredible beauty. Thousands of plant species are found in Turkmenistan, and more than 700 of them grow in the desert. In this regard, we should highlight the publication of Volume XV of the Arkadag’s scientific encyclopaedia «Medicinal Plants of Turkmenistan» that describes the national traditions of healing and the medicinal value of the rich flora of the Turkmenland. You clearly see the in extricable connection between human health and nature in the scientific works by our scientist Arkadag. One of the plants widely used in folk medicine is saxaul. Saxaul is the main plant of the Karakum Desert. There are two types of saxaul, which is a solid wood, white and black. They are very similar but can be distinguished at a distance. The branches of white saxaul are lighter and smaller, while those of black saxaul are thinner and larger. Saxaul forests, particularly white saxaul, are common in the sandy areas of the desert. The height of this plant is from 23 to 5 metres,

LEGAL FRAMEWORK TO ENSURE INFORMATION SECURITY IN DIGITAL ECONOMY

In the era of the Revival of the new epoch of the powerful state, the programmes aimed at developing our country, creating an innovative economy and digitizing all systems are being implemented successfully under the wise leadership of the President. The transition to a digital economy has allowed improving the efficiency of all sectors through using information technologies to introduce advanced methods in public administration. The esteemed President of Turkmenistan notes that “Systematic work should continue to safeguard and recognize the results of the research and intellectual activities of our scientists abroad and at the international level.” Currently, Turkmenistan is transitioning to a digital economy in accordance with the Concept of Digital Economy Development in 2019-2025. To ensure the implementation of the tasks envisaged in this Concept and develop a high-tech and competitive digital economy through the wide introduction of digital systems in the sectors of the national economy, the State Programme on Digital Economy Development for 2021-2025 and the Action Plan were adopted.

Important area of state development

Turkmenistan is located in the southwest of the Central Asia region. It is bordered by Kazakhstan to the northwest, Uzbekistan to the north and east, Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and the Caspian Sea to the west. The northern areas of Turkmenistan experience longer, colder winters and more snow and shorter, relatively milder summers. The southern regions experience milder winters with average temperature well above freezing point and the hottest summers. In Turkmenistan, ecology is influenced by its diverse landscapes and unique ecosystems. Turkmenistan is the home to several significant ecological regions, including the Karakum Desert, the Caspian Sea coast and the Kopetdag mountain range.

GOLDEN TAPESTRY OF EMBRACING AUTUMN: SEPTEMBER AND A JOURNEY OF SCHOOL

As the vibrant hues of summer transition into the warm embrace of autumn, a new chapter unfolds in the chapters of our lives. September, with its crisp mornings and amber foliage, marks the beginning of a school year – a time filled with growth, learning and endless possibilities. Autumn, September and school are intertwined into a symphony of transformation, offering us the opportunity to embrace change, nurture our potential and embark on a journey of self-discovery. In this essay, we shall explore the profound connection between autumn, September and the realm of education, and how they inspire and motivate us to reach new heights. Autumn, with its breath taking beauty, serves as a gentle reminder of the impermanence of life and the cyclical nature of growth. The sight of leaves transforming into a tapestry of gold, orange and red inspires us to embrace change and find beauty in every phase of life. Similarly, as we step into a new school year in September, we are presented with an opportunity to develop, learn and become the best version of ourselves. Autumn reminds us that like the trees that shed their leaves to make way for new growth, we must let go of our fears and limitations to embrace the unknown and discover our potential.

ROSE

What do you know about rose flowers? Where do you see them? Do you see them being given as a gift? Do you cultivate them? Roses have many benefits that people should know about.

“A well-tied tie is the first serious step in life”

The necktie, a timeless and versatile accessory, has been a staple of men's fashion for centuries. This slender strip of fabric, worn around the neck and neatly knotted, adds a touch of elegance and sophistication to formal and semiformal attire. Let's explore the fascinating history and evolution of the necktie. Origins and Early History: