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Founder: Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan
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The importance of implementing workplace health promotion programs in the prevention of non-communicable diseases

Nurmuhammet AMANNEPESOV, Esenmurat ANNAMYRADOV, Muhammet ERGESHOVMinistry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, Department of organization, management and financing of health care of SMUT named after M. Garryyev The “National Strategy for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases in Turkmenistan for 2021-2025” provides for the active participation of state authotities, institutions, enterprises and organizations, regardless of ownership, in the work on the introduction of a healthy lifestyle and the prevention of non-communicable diseases among the population, the implementation of comprehensive work in the field of creating favorable conditions and opportunities for protection and strengthening the health of workers, carrying out physical education and other measures for the prevention of diseases.

Morphological features of corneal neovascularization during treatment of purulent keratitis with autoplasma (in an experiment)

Ayjemal ORAZALIYEVA, Perhat OVEZGYLYJOV, Merdan SULEYMANOV, Jahan LAMANOVA, Gohar PETROVA, Gulnabat TOSHIYEVAScientific research center, Scientific and clinical center for eye diseases, Department of forensic medicine and law, pathological anatomy of SMUT named after M.Garryyev The cornea is the main refractive surface of the eye, the transparency of which is due to the peculiarities of its complex, highly organized structure. In some pathological conditions (chemical burns, ischemia, trauma, inflammation), changes in the cornea cause the appearance of various degrees of neovascularization and opacification with subsequent disruption of its transparency [1].

Comparative analysis of the result of microvascular decompression in trigeminal neuralgia

Nurgeldi SAPAROV, Taganmyrat HOJAGELDIYEV, Saparmuhammet ANNAGELDIYEVInternational center of neurology of the Directorate of international medical centers, Department of pharmacology of SMUT named after M.Garryyev, Multidisciplinary hospital of Arkadag city Trigeminal neuralgia is a disease characterized by severe, acute, paroxysmal pain caused by compression of the trigeminal nerve.

Vascular access in dialysis patients with type II diabetes mellitus

Nazar KARRIYEV, Sapargeldi MATNEPESOV, Mekan REJEPOVTreatment and consultative center named after S.A.Niyazov, Department of hospital surgery of SMUT named after M. Garryyev, Hospital with Scientific and clinical center of cardiology Programmed hemodialysis with permanent vascular access (PVA) remains the leading treatment method for patients with the end-stage chronic renal failure (ESRF) [1]. The effectiveness of PVA is largely determined by the adequacy of the vascular access – arteriovenous fistula (AVF). PVA should ideally ensure that the blood flow rate matches the prescribed dialysis proportion and long-term functioning without complications. Despite the fact that significant progress has been made in dialysis technology in recent years, the problems associated with providing PVA in patients with type II diabetes mellitus remain unresolved [3, 5].

Laser correction of ametropia in myopia with divergent strabismus

Shemshat SERDAROVA, Aygozel GUDRATULLAYEVAInternational center for the treatment of eye diseases, International center for the treatment of head and neck diseases of Directorate of international medical centers Divergent strabismus is often present with congenital or early-onset myopia. In case of divergent strabismus combined with myopic refraction, eyeglass correction is used [1, 2].

Adaptive capabilities and gestational changes in pregnant women with hypothyroidism

Maya KAKAGELDIYEVAHospital with scientific-clinical center of physiology In recent years, the prevalence of hypothyroidism among pregnant women has increased to 15% due to subclinical forms, while the prevalence of manifest hypothyroidism does not change and amounts to 2,0-2,5% [10]. Disorders of thyroid function have a significant impact on the dynamics of pregnancy, the formation of organs and systems of the fetus, affect the nervous and cardiovascular systems (CVS), all types of metabolism and adaptive reactions of the body, which emphasizes the need to study the physiology of the thyroid gland and the mechanisms of regulation of its function [9, 14, 15].

Influence of platelet rich plasma on the prevention of cicatrical stenosis after burns of the esophagus in an experiment

Garabeg GOSHAYEVDepartment of Science of SMUT named after M. Garryyev The use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in clinical practice is one of the most important achievements of modern regenerative medicine. In the last few years, this area of science has been actively improved, as a result of which PRP began to be used in various fields of medicine. PRP is successfully used in clinical practice by combustiologists, cosmetologists, dentists, orthopedic traumatologists, urologists, general surgeons and many other specialists.

Determination of the etiological structure of acute respiratory viral infections

Jeren KESHIKOVA, Charymyrad KARLYYEV, Myahri ANNABERDIYEVADepartments of pediatric infections, microbiology of SMUT named after M.Garryyev Acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) remain one of the urgent problems of modern medicine.

The effectiveness of minimally invasive treatment methods for urolithiasis of the ureters

Maksat REMAZANOV, Мammetberdi CHARYYEV, Bazargeldi CHARYYEVMultidisciplinary hospital in the city of Arkadag, Department of urulogy and andrology of SMUT named after M.Garryyev, Treatment and consultative center named after S.A. Niyazov In the structure of urolithiasis, ureterolithiasis accounts for 50% of cases of all stone localizations [1, 3, 5]. Despite the successes achieved in the treatment of nephrolithiasis, the choice of minimally invasive methods for treating stones located in the ureters remains one of the controversial issues.

Course and treatment of primary angle-closure glaucoma with pseudoexfoliative syndrome

Guljahan BERDIYEVA, Ayjamal TAGANOVA, Perhat OVEZGYLYJOV, Mahriban KASYMOVA, Leyla KARAJAYEVAScientific-clinical center for eye diseases, Department of eye diseases of SMUT named after M.Garryyev The presence of a small anterior chamber, a relatively thick lens and a short optical axis of the eye is considered a genetic factor leading to blockade of the anterior chamber angle (AChA) and the development of primary ACG [5, 7].

Risk factors leading to polyhydramnios during pregnancy

Mive AMANGULYYEVA, Ogulsheker ANNAGYLYJOVA, Sheker BERDIYEVA, Guljahan KAKAJANOVAMother and child healthcare scientific-clinical center, Department of postgraduate training in obstetrics and gynecology of SMUT named after M.Garryyev Polyhydramnios is an important problem in modern obstetrics and the main cause of reproductive losses. High rates of perinatal mortality (from 285% to 585%) indicate the importance of the issue of polyhydramnios during pregnancy [1, 3].

Gender differences of interleukin-4 in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Tylla TANRYBERDIYEVA, Vladimir KURBANOV, Shemshat AMANDURDYYEVA, Selbi ATDAYEVADepartment of hospital therapy with a course in clinical pharmacology and endocrinology of SMUT named after M. Garryyev Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease, which is characterized by the development of symmetric peripheral polyarthritis and is accompanied by joint destruction, lung damage, cardiovascular diseases, and meningitis [1, 6, 12, 17].

Results of cytological and microbiological studies in patients with chronic otitis media with local complications

Deryaguly RZAYEV, Tachmyrat GARAYEV, Myahri ANNABERDIYEVA, Nefisa ORAKAYEVA, Aman GELDIYEVDepartments of ear, nose and throat diseases, microbiology of TSMU named after M. Garryyev, International scientific-educational center Chronic otitis media with local complications (ChOMLC) is part of a single inflammatory process in the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, and pharynx. Therefore, there is a reasonable opinion that the middle ear is the “fifth sinus” of our body, and the pathological processes that occur in it are similar to those in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses [6, 12].

Monitoring of antibiotic resistance of staphylococcus aureus

Bahar KAKABAYEVACenter for public health and nutrition of the State sanitary and epidemiological service The prevalence of antimicrobial resistance, or antimicrobial resistance, transcends national borders and has reached levels that require urgent action at the national, regional and global levels. Thus, antimicrobial resistance remains one of the main international public health problem [1]. Staphylococcus aureus (Staphylococcus aureus) causes the spread of infection not only in the microflora of the human body, but also in everyday life and in medical institutions. The pathogen Staphylococcus aureus can be transmitted by airborne droplets, through indirect contact (dust particles, clothing), through blood, as well as through improperly sterilized medical equipment and instruments.

The role of early detection of cervical pathology in women of reproductive age

Ogulsheker ANNAGYLYJOVAMother and child health care scientific-clinical center Malignant neoplasms of the cervix (CC) do not arise “de novo” in most patients, but develop against the background of progression of precancerous lesions of the cervix [2]. To diagnose cervical diseases, women need to undergo diagnostic procedures: morphological analysis of a biopsy, which is the main examination for diagnosing of precancerous conditions and diseases of the cervix [6].

Results of surgical treatment of congenital anorectal malformations in children and postoperative rehabilitation measures

Tazegul SARYYEVA, Toyly MENLIYEV, Gulbahar GELDIYEVA, Juma JUMAYEVMother and child health care educational-scientific center of TSMU named after M. Garryyev The only effective method of treating congenital anorectal malformations is surgical intervention. Currently, as a result of the use of high-tech equipment, the cosmetic results of radical treatment can be considered satisfactory, but the functional indicators remain low. In the postoperative period, neoanus stenosis develops in 30%, and fecal incontinence of II-III degrees occurs in 75% as a result of insufficiency of neoanus muscle sphincter [2, 3].

Sanatorium-resort treatment of arterial hypertension

Orazgylych ORAZGYLYJOV, Kerim BABAYEV, Agajan REJEPOVDepartment of physical therapy, rehabilitation and sports medicine of TSMU named after M. Garryyev, Hospital with scientific-clinical center of cardiology, sanatorium “Bagabat” Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remain the leading cause of death in most economically developed countries. Arterial hypertension (AH) being one of the main factors that has a great influence on the development and progression of CVD, remains a very important medical and social problem. Sanatorium-resort treatment plays an important role in the prevention of CVD and rehabilitation of patients with these diseases. Considering the wide opportunities created in the sanatorium and resort system of the country, in the national strategies for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases, special attention is paid to sanatorium and resort treatment [1].

The importance of corn silk in the complex treatment of urolithiasis

Jeyhun YAZYYEVDepartment of facultative surgery with a course of urology of TSMU named after M. Garryyev Urolithiasis is the main problem of modern urology; it ranks second in frequency after pyelonephritis among urological diseases. It is known that in folk medicine for the treatment of urolithiasis, the use of corn silk is of great importance. Products made from corn silk have diuretic, choleretic, hemostatic and hypoglycemic properties [3].

Aseptic necrosis of the femoral head

Atageldi GERMANOV Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan

Comparative morphology of involutional changes in the intracranial part of the optic nerve

Ayjemal ORAZALYYEVA, Gurban PIRLIYEV, Aman GELDIYEV, Jahan LAMANOVA, Merdan SULEYMANOV Scientific-research center of TSMU named after M.Garryyev, Central bureau of forensic medicine, International educational-scientific center