"Türkmenistanyň lukmançylygy" žurnaly

Founder: Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan
Adress: Ashgabat c., Garashsyzlyk shayoly, 100, Turkmenbashy centre of free creative work
Telephones: 38-61-55
Email: t-lukmanchylygy-zurnaly@online.tm


Frequency of ovarian pathologies in women of reproductive age

One of the most urgent problems of modern gynecology is the timely diagnosis of benign, borderline and malignant ovarian tumors, especially in women of reproductive age [2]. Taking into account a wide range of morphological manifestations of ovarian tumors and frequent unfavorable outcome of this pathology, an issue of diagnosis verification, the need to predict dynamics of the course of a disease and risk of possible complications remains relevant. The aim of the work is to study the frequency of ovarian pathologies in women of reproductive age.

Functional state of cardiovascular system of athletes

On the basis of achieving sportsmanship and its growth there are adaptive processes occurring in the athlete's body [7]. Depending on the features of functional adaptation system, its complexity, level of development and functional state of the systems included in it, a general strategy of adaptation to physical activity is formed, which has different effectiveness depending on the type of activity [3]. The aim of the work is to identify adaptive and reserve capabilities of cardiovascular system of athletes of various sports.

Interrelation of nutritional status and adaptive capabilities of pregnant women

During pregnancy, a woman's body undergoes transformations aimed at creating a harmonious relationship between the organisms of the mother and the developing fetus, the severity of which depends on the duration of pregnancy and fetal body weight [1, 6]. In this regard, the interest of researchers in the problem of functional state of the body of pregnant women in relation to the nature of nutrition has increased significantly recently [9, 10]. The aim of the work is to identify the influence of nutritional status on the adaptive capabilities of female body during pregnancy.

Evaluation of corneal epithelium regeneration in the treament of keratitis using plasma in combination with a bandage lens

Diseases of the cornea of eyeball remain one of the leading causes of vision loss, blindness, and death of the eye. The difficulty and in most cases ineffectiveness of the therapy determines the urgency of the problem of corneal regeneration under the influence of various factors on the corneal. One of the leading roles in the healing of the cornea is played by its anterior epithelium. In recent years, as a result of studies of regeneration mechanisms and possible ways to control it, relatively new methods of treating inflammatory, dystrophic and ulcerative lesions of this eye structure have appeared, including the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) [6, 8]. The possibility of using platelet- and leukocyte-rich plasma (PLRP), representing a newer generation of platelet concentrates, is being studied [9].

Effeciency index of antiatherogenic therapy

To date, atherosclerosis and associated diseases are the main cause of disability and high mortality in most countries of the world [2]. A number of patients with coronary heart disease have sharply increased the level of total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoproteins (LDL), and also the concentration of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) [3]. This makes it necessary to develop fundamentally new indicators to assess the development of atherosclerotic process and/or factors affecting it, especially in the early stages.

The effectiveness of corneal collagen cross-linking with photorefractive keratectomy in initial primary keratoectasia

Early diagnosis and treatment of keratoconus (KC) and the second most common form of keratoectasia – pellucid marginal degeneration (PMD), are an important problem in ophthalmology, since the disease is more often manifested in adolescence, predominates in young able–bodied individuals and often leads to blindness and visual disability [1, 6, 8]. Currently, a new method of treating these pathologies is the method of cross-linking of corneal collagen (CCL) [1, 12, 13]. The least traumatic, safe, highly predictable of them is photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) in combination with CCL [3-5, 11]. The aim of the work is to study the clinical efficacy and safety of photorefractive keratectomy and cross-linking of corneal collagen in the correction of ametropia in initial primary keratectasias.

The relationship of adaptive and reserve capabilities of the cardiovascular system of the body of medical university students with stereotypes of eating behavior

Nutrition, together with physical activity, is one of the elements of everyday behavior that forms human health [11]. Mental and physical performance, intelligence, memory depend on the quality of nutrition, and the younger the body, the more significant this dependence [7]. The aim of the work is to reveal the influence of various eating behavior stereotypes on the functionality of the cardiovascular system of the body of medical university students.

The role of percutaneous nephrolithotripsy in the treatment of staghorn renal stones

One of the most severe types of urolithiasis are staghorn renal stones. With the introduction of new high-tech methods, such as extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), contact ureterolithotripsy and percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL), great strides have been made in the treatment of nephrolithiasis.

Peculiarities of blood circulation in the kidneys in the syndrome of habitual fetal loss in women with hypertensive disorders

The issues of prevention of perinatal diseases and mortality are one of the main problems of modern obstetrics (Batrak N.V., Malyshkina A.I., Kroshkina N.V., 2015). During pregnancy, hypertensive disorders (HD) occur in about 10% of women [4, 6]. Kidneys of a woman during pregnancy, due to the excretion of fetal metabolic products, work with an increased load [3]. An increase in the volume of circulating blood and blood circulation leads to a change in the nitrogen excretion function of kidneys. Inadequate hemodynamic adaptation of maternal organism to the conditions that arise during pregnancy can lead to hypertensive disorders [4].

The results of surgical treatment of congenital hernia of the spinal cord in children

Spinal cord herniation in children is one of the difficult to treat and complex congenital malformations in newborns, which accounts for 65% of all congenital malformations of the central nervous system. The only treatment for congenital spinal cord herniation (CSCH) is surgical intervention, which is carried out taking into account the age of a child, location of hernia, size of spinal defect, and degree of hydrocephalus.

The state of hemostatic system as a result of thermal injury in children

Thermal burns in children rank third in the world among the causes of unintentional injuries. Severe consequences in children are caused by burns with an area of more than 10% of the total body surface area, characterized by the development of general and local disorders [2]. In patients with burn injuries, coagulopathy is characterized by procoagulant and antifibrinolytic changes, as well as an impaired activity of natural anticoagulant systems [5].

Revealing the phytoncidal properties of licorice root decoction

As it is known, one of the important tasks of medicine is the production of effective and affordable medicines, primarily made from medicinal plants [2]. Due to the increase in the number of pathogenic microorganisms resistant to many antibiotics, it is now necessary to find ways to obtain new drugs and replenish supplies of “green pharmacy”. Based on this, we tried to identify the activity of decoctions from licorice root against some bacteria.

Modern diagnostics and treatment of Kawasaki disease

Kawasaki disease (KD) is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis characterized mainly by lesions of small and medium-sized arteries. In KD, coronary arteries are affected in 20% of cases [1, 2, 4]. In 80% of cases, children under 8 years of age, mostly boys, get sick. KD is rare in adults. Recently, KD-like systemic manifestations associated with coronavirus (COVID-19) have been reported in adults. Genetic factors influence the growth of coronary artery aneurysms [8, 9, 15].

The significance of medical diplomacy in the health care system of Turkmenistan

Currently, medical diplomacy as an instrument of international politics and the formation of a positive image of the state occupies a special place in the world political arena. Taking into account the ever-increasing international interest in the national health care system of Turkmenistan, medical diplomacy is another opportunity for the exchange of experience in the health care structure, including on the issues of combating the COVID-19 pandemic and its consequences [1]. The concept of "Global Health Diplomacy" appeared in the lexicon of diplomats in the 70s of the last century. At present, this concept has become widely known. Its goal is to coordinate the efforts of international organizations, using the possibilities of medicine as an instrument of international politics [2].

Adaptative capabilities of the cardiovascular system of first-year students

One of the leading criteria for the quality of life is nutrition [10]. Disturbances in the structure of nutrition to a high extent affect the state of human health, especially during periods of increased stress [7, 9]. A special category of the population belonging to the high-risk group are students whose period of final maturation of the body coincides with the period of intensive learning [4].

Effectiveness of phytotherapy as a part of combined treatment in women with habitual miscarriage and chronic pyelonephritis

It is known that chronic pyelonephritis most often manifests itself during pregnancy, leads to complications of gestation, an increase in morbidity and mortality among newborns, so the study of the problem of chronic pyelonephritis remains relevant from the standpoint of modern obstetrics and perinatology. The aim of the work is to evaluate the effectiveness of measures combined with phytotherapy before and during pregnancy in women with chronic pyelonephritis and a history of recurrent miscarriages.

Clinical significance of ultrasound in the diagnostics of hip dysplasia

Early diagnosis of hip dysplasia in newborns and children under one year of age using safe methods is one of the most important tasks of pediatric orthopedics. Ultrasound examination, which allows to obtain complete information about the structure of hip joint, is publicly available in all medical institutions providing services to newborns. An additional advantage of this method is that the child's motor activity at the time of the study does not affect its quality and effectiveness.

Modern concepts of relationship between intestinal microflora and obesity

Obesity and related diseases are on the rise worldwide, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Overweight is also increasingly common among children, indicating that the epidemic will continue to grow [5]. In recent years, many scientific works have appeared indicating the relationship of intestinal microflora with many diseases, in particular, with diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis, and inflammatory bowel diseases [7, 12]. Human body "collaborates" with the microbiota due to so-called phenomenon of metabolic integration [1]. At the same time, a person receives from microorganisms a number of key metabolites, in particular, short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) [7]. It is known that with the same food intake and exercise regimen, there is a different susceptibility to an increase or decrease in body weight and a possible cause is the different metabolic activity of the human microbiome, including the different composition of the intestinal microflora [2, 5].

Content of vitamins in the composition of herbal tea

Vitamins are indispensable regulators of vital processes of the body; vitamins C, P, K, and A play the most important role in humans. Their absence or deficiency often leads to the occurrence of certain diseases [1]. The aim of the work is to determine the content of vitamins in herbal tea from medicinal plants of Turkmenistan using spectrophotometric, volumetric and weight methods of analysis.

Comparative analysis of the effectiveness of vaccination with the second booster dose against COVID-19

Despite the decline in the incidence of COVID-19, the global pandemic is not over yet [7]. The aim of the work is a comparative assessment of the effectiveness of vaccines from different manufacturers as the 2nd booster dose against COVID-19.