NEWS

Green architecture of Turkmenistan

«7/24. tm» №12 (199), 18.03.2024 The President emphasises the enormous importance of the National Forestry Programme, primarily from the point of view of environmental well-being, aimed at creating favourable living conditions for citizens of Turkmenistan. Great importance is attached to landscaping among the priorities of the state environmental policy. Our country makes an effective contribution to ensuring environmental well-being in the regional and global dimensions.

Based on Climate Agenda

Speaking at the closing government sitting on February 9, the President of Turkmenistan ordered special attention be paid to improving the professional skills of oil and gas industry specialists, introducing digital technologies and reducing the negative impact of the oil and gas sector on the environment and human health, namely, reducing greenhouse gas emissions. In this regard, week-long consultations on the mitigation plans in view of the recent accession of Turkmenistan to the Global Methane Pledge, the aspects of implementation of these plans in partnerships with international organisations and the implementation of the Paris Agreement, ratified by Turkmenistan in 2016, were held with the support of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan in Ashgabat. Both documents follow from and are synergistic with the provisions of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), to which our country acceded in 1995. A two-day meeting, which was held at the building complex of Turkmenistan’s oil and gas industry involving the UN experts, was the first and most attended event of the “Methane Week”. The National Focal Point of Turkmenistan for UNFCCC Batyr BALLIYEV commented on the significance of the climate-methane agreements and activities: “Turkmenistan aims significant efforts in the field of climate action at implementing the Nationally D

3 million trees and grape seedlings to be planted in Turkmenistan in 2024

«7/24. tm» № 08 (195), 19.02.2024 In Turkmenistan, 3 million deciduous, coniferous and fruit trees and grape seedlings will be planted in 2024. President of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedov signed the Resolution at the government meeting on the outcomes of 2023.

Ensuring environmental safety is one of the main principles of Turkmenistan

During the Revival of the new Era of the Powerful State, great work is being done by our Hero Arkadag Serdar to improve the ecological condition of the country. In order to protect ecological well-being, our country has established mutual co-operation relations with the United Nations, the European Union and other international organizations. In this regard, our Hero Arkadag Serdar, in his historic speech at the 78th session of the UN General Assembly, put forward a number of concrete initiatives. In his speech, the President proposed to prepare a target of ecological strategy of the United Nations for Central Asia, to create a regional centre for technologies related to climate change in Central Asia, to create the «Caspian ecological initiative» and drew the attention of the world community to solving the ecological problems of Central Asia. Description of the national views on climate change and environmental safety in the speech of the President of Turkmenistan at the twenty-eighth session of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP28) in Dubai on December 1-2, 2023, the General Assembly's statement of the General Assembly It was published and distributed as the official document of the 78th session of the United Nations. The Statement was published in the agenda of the current meeting of the General Assembly on the clauses «Protection of global wea

Ecological Wellbeing: Today and Tomorrow

Under the leadership of the President of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedov, in the period of the Revival of the New Era of the Powerful State, the country has a developed legal framework directed at environment protection that includes requirements for environmental safety, environmental control, the efficient use of water resources, the prevention of land degradation and the conservation of biodiversity. Establishing ecological diplomacy as one of the main priorities of Turkmenistan’s foreign policy, the head of state emphasises the importance of humanisation of the system of international relations, its focus on environmental wellbeing and the building-up development processes, based on moral principles, and puts the value of human life at the forefront adhering to the state slogan “The state is for the people!” Reducing the anthropogenic impact on nature is facilitated by increasing the country’s scientific and technical potential and the comprehensive work being carried out to modernise the fuel and energy complex, the construction and chemical industries and public utilities. The basis for such activities was laid by the Law “On Environmental Safety” adopted by the Mejlis of Turkmenistan in June 2017. It reflects the main issues of environmental safety, which are now concentrated in one unified document. The document also introduced into legal use legal concep

Both tasty and nutritious

The first half of autumn has passed and almost all the fruit have been gathered from the gardens. Only late-ripening quinces and persimmons remain, the fruits of which change colour from green to orange and stand out among the foliage. Over the past decades, the crop has become popular among domestic gardeners and is now grown in almost all regions of the country. In a rare private garden, there will not be at least a couple of such trees. At the same time, Turkmen farmers are also increasing their varietal diversity (in total, about twenty varieties of the crop are distinguished, including Caucasian, Virginia (small-fruited), oriental and others; according to ripening periods they can be early, middle and late). This is evidenced by the saturating of markets with persimmons every late autumn until spring. Judging by these bright piles of sunny fruit offered by our agricultural producers, we can conclude that there are already local selection forms, including those with convex segments around the circumference of the fruit, somewhat reminiscent of a ripe pumpkin.

The President of Turkmenistan took part in a nationwide gardening campaign and got acquainted with the progress of work on the horse breeding development

Today, President Serdar Berdimuhamedov took part in a nationwide gardening campaign that covered all regions of the Motherland, during which he also got acquainted with the ongoing work on breeding Akhalteke horses. The Head of the Turkmen state invariably emphasizes the great importance of the nationwide landscaping program implemented in the country, primarily from the point of view of environmental well-being, creation of favorable conditions for the life of Turkmen citizens. In this context, special attention is paid to the formation of new forest park zones near settlements, where they will bring the greatest benefit to people in the developed areas of cities expanding their borders.

Climate Change is a Focal Point for Concerting Efforts

Climate change is a global challenge of the 21st century. Taking urgent actions to combat climate change and its impacts is Goal 13, which the United Nations calls upon all states to achieve. To stop climate change by 2030, Member States decided that each country should develop and implement a national programme to combat climate change; should disseminate knowledge about actions that help combat climate change; and should support the activities of the Green Climate Fund, which was established to support developing countries in achieving an enhancement of their ability to respond to climate change. The main international intergovernmental mechanism for agreeing on global responses to climate change is the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. Turkmenistan is a party to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Climate Agreement that create a unique opportunity to regulate the impact of human activities on the environment and climate through international agreements.

Important area of state development

Turkmenistan is located in the southwest of the Central Asia region. It is bordered by Kazakhstan to the northwest, Uzbekistan to the north and east, Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and the Caspian Sea to the west. The northern areas of Turkmenistan experience longer, colder winters and more snow and shorter, relatively milder summers. The southern regions experience milder winters with average temperature well above freezing point and the hottest summers. In Turkmenistan, ecology is influenced by its diverse landscapes and unique ecosystems. Turkmenistan is the home to several significant ecological regions, including the Karakum Desert, the Caspian Sea coast and the Kopetdag mountain range.

Drip irrigation device

The Technology Centre of the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan has developed an innovative drip irrigation injector that allows efficiently using water, boosts the growth of plant-associated microbes that convert the unavailable nutrients to available form and helps utilise many types of industrial emissions. The device is made of lump sulphur, activated carbon, metal shavings, river sand and fat-and-oil soapstock, or returnable industrial waste, and looks like a tube with tubules, which is buried deep to the base. The injector is connected to the water supply network and delivers moisture and nutrients directly to the root system. Thus, water does not directly come into contact with the above-ground parts of plants, which slows down decay and fungi reproduction. The Centre has also developed the composition of “eco-granules”, which to some extent contribute to land desalinization, the assimilation of necessary microelements by agricultural crops and the growth of useful soil microbes. The mixture is composed of calcined algae, trace elements of thermo-mineral water, slaked lime, zeolite and other additives, it is a waste material of cleaning reservoirs and canals and brings an additional amount of organic matter to areas under cultivation. The emulsion with the additive can be sprayed on plant stems. The authors of two inventions are scientists Meretmuhammet Hudayberdiye