Proper nutrition in the cold season

Winter is the most difficult period for our body. Little sunlight, low temperatures and people spend much time indoors. For our body to cope with this load, it is necessary to replenish it with all the necessary nutrients. Nutrition in the cold season should be balanced, high-calorie and rich in vitamins and useful trace elements. Seasonal vegetables and fruit play a big role in this. Those that are grown in the region of residence are more useful than exotic vegetables and fruit from distant tropical countries. Proper nutrition in winter will help improve a person’s wellbeing and reduce the risk of the exacerbation of chronic diseases. In the cold season, the immune defence of the body is important. To maintain it, it is recommended to eat foods that are a source of essential amino acids, such as lean meat, chicken, turkey, dairy products and legumes and also to include in your diet multivitamin and mineral complexes and specialised food products enriched with them, for nutrition of children as well.

The effective methods of visualization of a pathology of the posterior segment of the eye with divergent strabismus in children

Most ophthalmologists note the appearance of the first signs of divergent strabismus before the age of 6 years [8, 10]. With divergent strabismus, combined with myopic refraction, there is a gradual decrease in vision in one eye, development of amblyopia, and impaired formation of binocular vision [3, 4, 6]. The aim of the work is to study the effectiveness of optical coherence tomography of the eye in children with concomitant divergent strabismus with myopic refraction.

Strategy errors in the diagnostics of soft tissue sarcomas

Currently, according to the WHO classification, more than 50 morphological types of soft tissue sarcomas (STS) are distinguished, and the approaches of their treatment also differ [2-4]. This disease is equally common among men and women, more often at the age of 20-40 years. In 50% of patients, the disease affects limbs, in 40% – soft tissues of other parts of the body [1, 2, 6, 7]. The need for proper diagnostics and treatment of this disease, the frequency of diagnostic and therapeutic errors, indicate the importance of this problem [4-7].

The role of new technologies in the detection of malignant neoplasms of the nasopharynx

Malignant neoplasms of the nasopharynx account for 45-55% of all malignant tumors of nasopharynx [1, 7]. The clinic of the disease is characterized by symptoms depending on the location of a tumor in the nasopharynx, growth, and metastasis to regional lymph nodes [2, 5]. The aim of the work is to study the role of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis, determination of the type and degree of a nasopharyngeal tumor.

The effectiveness of phytotherapy for chronic cholecystitis

Chronic cholecystitis (CC) is a disease of the gallbladder characterized by dysfunction of the entire biliary system, formation of gallstones, and inflammation of the walls of gallbladder. In the treatment of CC, infusions and juices of medicinal plants are widely used, which have antispasmodic, choleretic, anti-inflammatory and sedative effects. The aim of the work is to show the effectiveness of using the method of immunological determination of sensitivity to a herbal remedy in patients with chronic cholecystitis.

Ophthalmological care to premature babies in a perinatal center

Over the past decades, retinopathy of prematurity (RP) has been one of the diseases leading to visual impairment. For newborns weighing less than 2500 g, the introduction of a systematic approach to the early detection of retinal pathology, the implementation of methods of thorough ophthalmological monitoring to prevent irreversible changes is of medical and social importance [4]. The aim of the work is to evaluate the effectiveness of modern technologies for the diagnosis and treatment of RP.

Comparative analysis of the chemical composition of mulberry leaves

Mulberry has a number of advantages, it is used in the production of sugar, citric acid and vinegar. The high content of biologically active substances determines the therapeutic effects of mulberry. We have carried out biochemical studies of white and black mulberry leaves. The aim of the work is to determine the macro- and microelement composition of white and black mulberries.

Protect Your Health in Winter

Winter has come. The average daily temperature in our country has dropped significantly. Damp and cool weather creates favourable conditions for the spread of acute respiratory viral infections. Together with medical specialists, we have prepared some tips on how to stay healthy during this period. The main way to combat the spread of seasonal diseases is, of course, vaccination.

The importance of International health care

The World Health Organization (WHO) is the global authority on public health within the United Nations. Founded in 1948, WHO collaborates with the governments of 194 Member States to ensure the highest attainable level of health for all. Currently, more than 7000 people work in 150 country offices, 6 regional offices and at the headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. The Organization’s work is guided by the principle that health is a human right, and it seeks to extend universal health coverage, protect people from health emergencies, and ensure that all people enjoy better health and well-being. Turkmenistan is part of the WHO European Region, which comprises 53 countries: this Region covers a vast geographical area reaching from the Atlantic to the Pacific oceans. WHO staff in the Region are public health, scientific and technical experts, based in the Regional Office in Copenhagen, Denmark, in five technical centres and in country offices in 30 Member States.

Vitamin D for Your Health

Recently, the Resolution of the President of Turkmenistan approved the Strategy for prevention of vitamin D deficiency for 2023–2028 and the Action Plan for the its implementation. Our newspaper has told about the importance of vitamin D for health, which is difficult to overestimate, and the ways of “replenishing” it. The main function of vitamin D is to help the body absorb calcium and phosphorus from food through the walls of the small intestine. Now, it is grouped together with hormone-like substances, although initially, discovered by an American scientist Elmer McCollum in 1922, it was considered only as a vitamin. Despite the name (vitamins are organic compounds that cannot be synthesised by the organism and therefore must be derived from the food we eat), vitamin D is not actually a vitamin. It belongs to a group of biologically active substances, including cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) and ergocalciferol (vitamin D2).